World's Firsts in Electronics
(only first commercial introduction)

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Item
Model
Year
Picture
Link
Mecanical calculator Thomas Arithmometer 1851 Info
First prototypes : Pascal (1642), Leibnitz (1672)
Typewriter Hansen Writing Ball 1870 Info
Other candidate : Sholes and Glidden typewriter (Remington, 1873)

Phonograph

Edison

1876

Photographic camera

Kodak

1888
First prototype : Strognofe (1865, NC)

Telephone

Bell

1877
First prototype : Antonio Meucci (1857, NC)

Gramophone

Berliner

1889

Radio receiver

Popov

1896

First prototype: Dolbear (1882), Marconi (1895)
Other candidate : Dunwoody & Pickard (1910, NC)

Portable radio

Operadio

1922

Television

RCA CT-100

1939
First tape recorder Ampex 200A 1948 Info

Fax

Muirhead

1949
Portable tape recorder Kudelski Nagra II 1953 Info

Color television

Westinghouse H840CK15

1954

Transistor radio

Regency TR-1

1954
Other candidates : Raytheon 8-TP-1 (1955), Sony TR-55 (1955)

Portable TV

Ekco TMB272

1956

Electric compact calculator

Casio 14-A

1957

Photocopier

Xerox 914

1959

Electronic calculator

Anita Mark VII

1961
Other candidates : IME 84 (1964, first transitorized calculator), Sharp CS-10 (1964, first all-transistor electronic calculator)

Home video tape recorder

Ampex VR-1500

1963

Cassette tape recorder

Philips EL-3300

1963
Electronic Synthesizer Moog Modular synthesizer I 1967 Info
First prototypes : Elisha Gray musical telegraph (1876), Teleharmonium (1897), Hammond Novachord (1939)
Other candidate : RCA Mark II Sound Synthesizer (1957)

Pocket calculator

Canon Pocketronic

1970
First prototype : Texas Instruments Cal Tech (1967)
Other candidates : Sharp QT-8B (1970), Sanyo ICC-82D (1970), firsts portables calculators with display

Handheld scientific calculator

Hewlett-Packard 35

1972
Other candidates : Sharp PC-1801 (1973), Casio fx-10 (1974), Texas Instruments SR-50 (1974)

Video game

Magnavox Odyssey

1972
First prototype : MIT Spacewar (1961)
Other candidates : Atari Pong (1972)

LCD watch

Seiko 06LC

1973
Other candidates : Pulsar P1 (1972), BWC Quartz (1972)

LCD calculator

Sharp EL-805

1973
Other candidates : Lloyd's Accumatic 100 (1972), Sears C1 (1973), Dataking LC-800 (1974), Casio Pocket-LC (1975)

VHS video player

Victor HR-3300

1976
Solar calculator Triumph Solar 1980 1976  
Other candidates : Sharp EL-8026 (1976), TEAL Photon (1977)

Walkman

Sony TPS-L2

1979
First prototype : Stereobelt (1977)

Quartz tuner radio

Sony ICF-2001

1980

Organizer

Sharp EL-6200

1980
Info
Portable electronic game Nintendo Game&Watch 1980 Info

CD player

Sony CDP-101

1982
Other candidate : Philips CD-100 (1982)

Video-disc player

Philips VLP600

1982

Cellular phone

Motorola DynaTAC 8000x

1983
First prototypes : Ericsson (1956), Motorola (1973)

LCD television

Casio TV-10

1983

Color pocket television

Seiko T102

1984

Portable CD player

Sony D-50

1984

Digital camera

Canon RC-701

1986
First prototype : Kodak (1975, NC)

PDA

Apple Newton MessagePad 100

1993
Info
Other candidate : US Robotics Palm Pilot (1996)
Smart-phone IBM Simon 1994 Info
Other candidate : Nokia 9000 (1996)

Digital camera with display

Casio QV-10

1995
Info

MP3 Player

SaeHan MPMan

1998
Info
Other candidate : Audio Highway Listen Up (1997, nc)


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